Child Sexual Exploitation

What is Child Sexual Exploitation?
Child Sexual Exploitation is a form of sexual abuse involving children and young people receiving “something” such as accommodation, gifts, drugs, cigarettes, alcohol or affection as a result of them performing sexual activities or having others perform sexual activities on them. It can occur without physical contact, when children are groomed to post sexual images of themselves on the internet or send these images via mobile phones.
Threats, bribes, violence and humiliation can also form part of Child Sexual Exploitation as ways of coercing a child into performing sexual activities
A definition and guide for practitioners can be found here.

Police Actions when CSE is identified
The IOWSCB MET (Missing, Exploited and Trafficked) Sub Group have produced a flowchart showing the actions the Police take when a young person has been identified as either unaccompanied from abroad, missing or there is evidence of exploitation.

Sexual Exploitation Risk Assessment Framework (SERAF)
A SERAF should be completed as soon as concerns regarding CSE (on any level) are identified. It will guide you as to the level of CSE Risk, and the level and type of intervention which should follow.
The IOWSCB has adopted the Barnardo's SERAF and in recognition of the need for some local guidance in use of the form, the IOWSCB has agreed a flow chart and guidance notes for practitioners to assist them in completion of the SERAF. 
An operational group, chaired by Hampshire Constabulary, meets monthly to look at completed SERAFs and agree what action can be taken to protect the welfare of these highly vulnerable children.  To find out more about this group contact us.

Child Criminal Exploitation (CCE)
"Child Criminal Exploitation occurs where an individual or group takes advantage of an imbalance of power to coerce, control, manipulate or deceive a child or young person under the age of 18 into any criminal activity (a) in exchange for something the victim needs or wants, and/or (b) for the financial or other advantage of the perpetrator or facilitator and/or (c) through violence or the threat of violence. The victim may have been criminally exploited even if the activity appears consensual. Child Criminal Exploitation does not always involve physical contact; it can also occur through the use of technology"
HM Government Serious Violence Strategy, April 2018

Resources
Modern Slavery Partnership
The Modern Slavery Partnership for Hampshire and the Isle of Wight is a multi-agency partnership. It is chaired and facilitated by the Office of the Police and Crime Commissioner (OPCC). Governance is provided to the Modern Slavery Partnership from the Hampshire and Isle of Wight Police Local Criminal Justice Board.

Think You Know CEOPs website is a resource for parents and carers, teachers, trainers and other professionals, and children and young people. 

What to do if you suspect a child is being sexually exploited – A DofE step-by-step guide for frontline practitioners

"Can you Stop It?" is a film commissioned by the Metropolitan Police. It's designed to raise awareness amongst practitioners and police officers about the behaviour traits of perpetrators of ‘on street’ CSE. It offers practical advice and information that will allow professionals to understand, recognise and intervene where they suspect offences are taking place.
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